Canyons and Waterfalls

Rio Grande do Sul Brazil: (IT-BRRT10)
URL: https://www.hiddentrails.com/tour/brazil_aparados_canyons.aspx

Introduction
Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
The spectacular mountain scenery, huge canyons and bottomless waterfalls of this region will take your breath away. Imagine the Grand Canyon covered in lush vegetation, cascading waterfalls and thriving biodiversity. Nestled along the southern coast of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul, among Brazil's most impressive canyons, the 28,000 nature conservation area where this adventure occurs. This area is renowned for its gigantic canyons, sheltering a type of geological step dug into the mountain by the tectonic movement and by the work of rivers throughout the eras. Different from most canyons in the world, like the Grand Canyon of Arizona or the Fish River Canyon of Namibia, Brazil's canyon country is in a lush green area of rich grassland and huge Araucaria forests.

Imagine the Grand Canyon covered in lush vegetation, cascading waterfalls and thriving biodiversity. Over the next few days you will ride along these steep mountains and canyons and the Atlantic coastline. Staying on traditional ranches, you will have the pleasure of sampling typical southern Brazil gaucho culture, including some of the region’s famous culinary delights. In the afternoon you may see the mysterious fogs drift in.

During the ride you will encounter several ecosystems of rare beauty and important biodiversity. The Mata Atlantica runs along the lower portion of the canyons, while fields spread across the plateaus, interspersed in the damp areas by peat bogs, that are rich in moss, lichen and bamboo. Vegetation such as ferns, lilies and bromeliads, sprouts from the slopes. And a curious species the ‘Bigsting Nettle’, with its enormous leaves measuring up to 1.5 meters, attaches itself to the rocks along the slopes.
The whole area was formed from intense volcanic activity that happened millions of years ago. Successive lava hemorrhages created the Planalto Sulbrasileiro, covered by clean fields, forests of araucarias and countless of crystalline rivers.

There are many canyons distributed throughout the region, some of them are very impressive, prevailing where enormous rocky cliffs outline the undulating landscape of the sloping foothills (coxilhas) giving the feeling of surprise and fascination when approaching their edge

The sharp vertical hillsides of basalt, present a coloration of resultants tones of the liquens and of vegetation of herbs and small bushes that alter with the nude rock.
The regional fauna is also varied and includes some rare species such as the lobo-guará (Chrysocyon brachyurus), the suçuarana or puma (Felis concolor), the graxaim-bush and the rural deer- (Ozotocerus bezoarticus). Foxes, skunks, armadillos, wildcats, woodpeckers, hawks and bugio monkeys also make up part of the local fauna.

Canyons and Waterfalls – a surprising Brazil with a cold weather accent and the legitimate gauchos’ traditions; an expedition for peaceful adventurers and an opportunity to live a unique experience.

Accomodation

Accommodations
This is a progressive ride where nights are spent in 4 different locations. Our lodging are in fazendas (ranch style) accommodations. All these lodgings have been visited and pre-approved.

Description
Our lodging are in fazenda (ranch style) accommodations. All these lodgings have been visited and pre-approved.

Accommodation Itinerary - subject to changes based on availability
Night 1, 2 & 3: Pousada Fazenda Montenegro
Night 4: Pousada Fazenda Potreirinhos
Night 5: Fazenda Santana
Night 6: Fazenda Baio Ruano

Pousada Fazenda Montenegro
Located close to the Monte Negro Canyon, this fazenda offers accommodation for up to 30 people, in the farmhouse or in chalets. The hacienda has been established over 30 years ago and is known to host many curicacas, a bird that is the symbol of the area. Legend has it that this bird chooses to live the ranches frequented by good and happy people.
The rooms are basic but provide guests with comfort and privacy. All rooms have private bathrooms. There is no Wi-Fi.

Pousada Fazenda Potreirinhos
The fazenda is set in abeautiful environment, by the Rio do Silveira. It offers cozy accommodations with comfortable beds, internet access and private bathrooms. Laundry services are available for a small charge.

Fazenda Santana
This farm has been operated by the same family for about 60 years. It is comprised of the main house, where the host family is leaving and small cabins where guests can spend the night. Each cabin is equipped with a TV and a private bathroom. Wi-Fi is available in public areas and laundry services are available for a small fee.

Fazenda Baio Ruano
This fazenda is set in a beautiful environement, surrounded by nature, and just a few minutes away from the city of Cambara do Sul. The rooms are very simple and come equipped with heating and a private bathroom. Free Wi-Fi is available.

Room Occupancy
Single supplement is mandatory if we are unable to find another rider to share the room with you.


Meals
All meals are included with this trip from dinner on Day 1 to breakfast on Day 7.
Breakfasts and dinners are eaten at the accommodations and lunches are eaten on the trail.

Brazil has a rich cuisine. The country is a mixture of European, Indian, African, and Asian cultures and is reflected in the way the Brazilians cook. Italian and African cuisines have great influence on Brazilian cuisine. Well before Europe spoke about fusion cuisine, Brazil was combining ingredients found from different continents to a new, typical Brazilian cuisine. They also often serve dishes from different countries on one table.
The Brazilian cuisine is very good, varied, and serves many naturally made dishes. The main dishes are mostly rice and beans (Feijão) and sauces, with lots of meat or fish and salads. Each region has its own traditional dishes. Very popular is the Churrasco (Brazilian BBQ).

Soft drinks and beers are included in this trip but guests are welcome to bring their own if they wish.

Dietary Restrictions
We can cater to all dietary restrictions with prior notice.

This trip includes and can accommodate special dietary requests.

Riding

Guide
Your English speaking guide will be Paulo. Paulo grew up in a family (Junqueira) well know in Brazil for breeding Mangalara horses, so he was surrounded by horses since childhood. In 2006, he decided to travel all around Brazil on horseback. he then decided to travel all around the world to get to know the best horseback riding destinations and learn about different riding techniques and cultures. He loves guiding this trip because he finds that every time, the experience is different.

Itinerary

Sample Itinerary - subject to changes

Note - The itinerary can be changed due to weather conditions and availability on the ranches.

Day 1: Arrival
Reception at Porto Alegre airport and transfer (approx. 5 hours) to the Ranch in Sao Jose dos Ausentes. Imagine arriving in the southern lands of Brazil, and be welcomed in a typical Fazenda (ranch) with the hospitality and good food of the Gauchos. After tasting a local drink (made with cachaca and fruits) you will be introduced to the Gaucho who will guide you throughout the ride.
After a delicious dinner, join the group at the bar of the Fazenda to listen to your guide’s instructions for the next day.
Meals included: Dinner
Overnight at Pousada Fazenda Monte Negro

Day 2: Aparados da Serra Ride
After breakfast we mount our Criollos and start our journey along the escarpments of the Aparados da Serra, covering an area of outstanding beauty. We ride in typical sceneries of Campos de Cima da Serra (Highlands), highlighting the greatness of the Atlantic rain forest in the lower part of Canyons, fields stretching across the plateau, and ferns lilies and bromeliads that sprout in rich slopes. The entire area was formed by intense volcanic activity that happened millions of years ago. Successive lava hemorrhages created the Planalto Sulbrasileiro, covered by clean fields, forests of araucarias and countless of crystalline rivers. There are many canyons distributed throughout the region, some of them are very impressive, prevailing where enormous rocky cliffs outline the undulating landscape of the sloping foothills giving the feeling of surprise and fascination when approaching their edge. The sharp vertical hillsides of basalt, present a coloration of resultants tones of the lichens and of vegetation of herbs and small bushes that alter with the nude rock. Late afternoon we may see the mysterious fogs (called viracão by the locals), drift in. Picnic lunch on the field. 
 ~5 hours on horseback
Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Overnight at Pousada Fazenda Monte Negro

Day 3: Monte Negro & Canyons Ride
After breakfast, start riding to the peak of Monte Negro, at 1,403 meters high, this is the highest point of our ride, with a horizon of majestic landscapes. There is no way not to be taken by a unique feeling of freedom. We return to the Ranch for lunch. After a short siesta we continue riding to see more canyons, cliffs or as the locals call “the peirais of the Aparados”. At the end of the day, If there is time, we may go by car (10 kms) to visit Lopes family Ranch, where they produce the famous Serrano cheese. This Gaucho family works and lives the same way as more than 100 years ago. Gauchos, cattle and horses all together, an integration difficult to imagine today. 
 ~5 hours on horseback
Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Overnight at Pousada Fazenda Monte Negro

Day 4: Pousada Fazenda Monte Negro to Fazenda Potreirinho
After breakfast, we start our ride towards Fazenda Potreirinho. During this day we will go up and down many rolling hills, with opportunities for good canters. We will see some beautiful waterfalls and have a picnic lunch on the banks of a river, while our horses rest in the shade of a forest nearby. We will pass by Silveiras, a very small village where we may stop in a typical old fashion bar for a beer. Then, we will continue our ride towards Fazenda Potreirinho, a typical ranch with the warm Gaucho atmosphere.
~5-6 hours on horseback
Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Overnight at Fazenda Potreirinho

Day 5: Waterfalls Ride
After a good breakfast, we start to ride towards Cachoeira do Dez, a beautiful waterfall we reach just after crossing a preserved Araucaria Forest and the river that will fall into the rapids of the waterfall. In this waterfall, we have our first chance for a refreshing dip. After relaxing by the fall, we continue our ride towards Cachoeirão, the biggest Waterfall of our ride. The hilly landscape ahead means there are fantastic panoramas to enjoy along the ride. After one hour of ride we reach the fall, it is impressive and we will have plenty of time for taking good photos.  Next we will continue our ride going up and down many hills, we will trot, canter and feel the sense of freedom.
After 5 hours riding, we return to Fazenda Potreirinho for a late lunch. At 4 PM we leave by car (2 hours drive) to Fazenda Santana in Cambara do Sul. This region is very different from the one we were during the previous days. This is a region where large areas of native araucaria forest are maintained. During the drive, we have the opportunity to enjoy beautiful landscapes. 
 ~5-6 hours on horseback
Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Overnight at Fazenda Santana

Day 6: Campos de Cima da Serra Ride
After a delicious breakfast, we meet our new horses and start our ride across fields and forests. During this day we will see two very beautiful waterfalls and have a picnic lunch in one of them, with the opportunity to swim. After our picnic lunch, we continue our ride covering an area of outstanding beauty, in typical sceneries of Campos de Cima da Serra. We will be in Alencar’s, our Gaucho guide neighborhood and may have a chance to help the Gauchos rounding-up the cattle on horseback. We will be able to feel how our horses are happy to do some canters.
In the afternoon, on our way back to the farm, we may see the mysterious fogs (called viracão by the locals), drift in. On arrival at the Fazenda, we say good bye to our guide Alencar and are transferred by car (22 kms) to the Baio Ruano farm in the small city of Cambara do Sul.
~5 hours on horseback
Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner
Overnight at Fazenda Baio Ruano

Day 7: Departure
Departure after breakfast with the destination of Porto Alegre airport (3 hours transfer)
Meals included: Breakfast

For the December 6th 2020 departure:
An interesting regional rodeo takes place in Cambara do Sul (where we spend the last night) on Sunday. We will include a 3-hour visit to the rodeo and lunch (on the way to Porto Alegre) at no extra charge for this trip only!


Rates and Dates for Canyons and Waterfalls

Rates include:

Accommodations, All meals with soft drinks, 1 welcome drink every day before dinner, 5 riding days & Transfers from/to Porto Alegre at set times

Packages and Options



  • SeasonYearDescription US$
    A
    20207 day trip, AP$2280

* prices are per person based on double/twin occupancy

Transfer and Other Charges:



 DescriptionUS$
2020 Transfer from/to Porto Alegre are included at set times $0
2020 Group (7 - 8 people) discount, dbl, per person $-280
2020 Single supplement $355
2020 Group (5 - 6 people) discount, dbl, per person $-185

Season Tour Dates  Min / MaxReserve
A 2020 09/25 - 10/01 7d / 6n 7 day trip, AP 2 /8 Reserve
A 2020 12/06 - 12/12 7d / 6n 7 day trip, AP 2 /8 Reserve

Dates Note:
This ride is available any date between March and December (except for the month of July). We need the booking at least 1 month before the date of the ride)

Rates do not include:

Gratuities & Insurance (mandatory)

Other Info
Meeting: Salgado Filho International Airport (POA) in Porto Alegre
Airport: Salgado Filho International Airport (POA) in Porto Alegre
Transfer: Salgado Filho International Airport (POA) in Porto Alegre

Climate:
                                            Porto Alegre area


Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Average High Temperature (°F)

88

88

85

80

73

69

69

72

74

78

82

86

Average Low Temperature (°F)

69

70

67

62

56

51

51

53

55

60

63

67

Average High Temperature (°C)

31

31

29

27

23

21

20

22

23

26

28

30

Average Low Temperature (°C)

21

21

19

16

13

11

10

12

13

16

17

19

Average Precipitation (days of rain)

7

6

6

6

6

7

8

8

7

6

6

6

Source: NOAA


Seasons
The climate in the area is moderate and always a little humid. The annual average temperature is around 16ºC; with the maximum temperature usually ranging between 24ºC and 27ºC. Lows are usually between 9ºC and 15ºC.
The warmest month is January and the coldest months are June and July.

The fog (typical of this region) is known by the name of “Nothing”.  It appears all of a sudden and, very quickly, makes everything disappear - sometimes making it impossible to see even a step away. The fog turns deep valleys invisible, and then (sometimes very quickly) back to visible again. The worst month for fog is October and parts of September and November - but you will find the fog disappears as quickly as it comes in.

The best months for horse trekking are March to June. July and August are still good trekking months, but it can be quite cool during this time.

What To Bring:
It is recommended to put your luggage in travel bag instead of a hard suitcase. 10 bags are easier to get in the backup vehicle than 10 suitcases.

Travel documents and Voucher
Flight tickets
Passport
Visa (check with your consulate)
Travel Insurance
Pocket money (you can change money on arrival at the airport)

Riding pants or Jodhpurs (used if possible!) - as they are not too hot, and they dry out quickly if they get wet.
Riding boots (short) or hard-soled shoes + Minichaps or Longchaps
Riding helmet - please bring your own. NOTE – It's not mandatory in Brazil.
Riding gloves
Hat (with chin strip) for sun protection
Lightweight Rain coat
Tall boot socks to prevent chaffing
4 to 5 Long-sleeved shirts for protection sun
Water canteen
This list is only a general guideline for you from Ride in Brazil
Jacket or sweater for cool evenings
Comfortable T-Shirts/Shirts
Jeans
Shorts
Underwear and socks
Pyjama
Bag for dirty clothes
Trekking boots/ comfortable shoes
Swimsuit / Bathing suit

Personal Toiletries
Insect Repellent
Personal medications (please consult with your G.P. for health advise)
Sewing kit
Handkerchiefs
Adapter for electric appliances
Small Camera/Phone with Camera and batteries
Belt pack
Sunglasses
Sunscreen (spf-30 or higher) and Lip Balm with sunscreen
One towel
Torch / Flashlight