Horseback riding in Mozambique

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Horseback riding vacations in Mozambique

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Equestrian tours in Mozambique

Mozambique Travel Guide
    Source: World Travel Guide

Mozambique's messy post-colonial history and poor infrastructure mean that most visitors are cut from fairly intrepid cloth. But travelling this enigmatic and underexplored country is well worth the occasional bump in the road, both literal and metaphorical.

First and foremost amongst the country's many attractions is its pristine Indian Ocean coastline - all 2,414km (1,500 miles) of it - which offers palm-fringed beaches, warm tropical waters, abundant marine life, great fishing, excellent diving, fantastic snorkeling and a number of idyllic islands from which you can enjoy of all the above in sweet isolation.

And there are the parks. Though much of the country's big game was wiped out during the desperate days of the Mozambican Civil War (1977 - 1992), sterling conservation efforts have seen several national parks restored to something like their former glory. Their remoteness and relative inaccessibility, compared to the parks in neighboring South Africa, mean you'll never be jostling for space with the masses.

Mozambique's Portuguese heritage and faded art deco charm characterizes much of the capital, Maputo, in form of colorful, crumbling and sometimes bullet-ridden colonial buildings, which stand in stark contrast tot he more modern parts of this vibrant port city. The music, the nightlife and the food are equally interesting and eclectic; head to the bustling fish market to enjoy what many locals will tell you is the best seafood in East Africa.

There is also good hiking with little-visited mountains dotted throughout the Mozambican hinterland, but extreme caution should be taken due to the large amount of leftover mines.

Since peace returned to the country in 1992, Mozambique has been trying to piece itself back together and realize its substantial tourism potential. But for now, a large part of the country's appeal lies in tis obscurity from the more beaten paths of Southern Africa.

Mozambique Information

Location   Southeast Africa.
Time   GMT + 2.
Area   799,380 sq km (308,641 sq miles).
Population   20.9 million (2007).
Population Density  26 per sq km.
Capital   Maputo. Population: 1.3 million (2005).
Mozambique borders Tanzania to the north, Zambia and Malawi to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and South Africa and Swaziland to the southwest. To the east lies the Indian Ocean and a coastline of nearly 2,500km (1,550 miles) with beaches bordered by lagoons, coral reefs and strings of islands. Behind the coastline, a vast low plateau rising towards mountains in the west and north accounts for nearly half the area of Mozambique. The landscape of the plateau is savannah – more or less dry and open woodlands with tracts of short grass steppe.
The western and northern highlands are patched with forest. The Zambezi is the largest and most important of the 25 main rivers which flow through Mozambique into the Indian Ocean. The major concentrations of population (comprising many different ethnic groups) are along the coast and in the fertile and relatively productive river valleys, notably in Zambezia and Gaza provinces.
The Makua-Lomwe, who belong to the Central Bantu, live mainly in the area north of Zambezia, Nampula, Niassa and Cabo Delgado provinces. The Tsonga, who are the predominant race in the southern lowlands, provide a great deal of the labour for the South African mines. In the Inhambane coastal district are the Chopi and Tsonga, while in the central area are the Shona. The Makonde inhabit the far north. Mestizos and Asians live in the main populated area along the coast and in the more fertile river valleys.

    Republic since 1990. Gained independence from Portugal in 1975. 
Head of State   President Armando Guebuza since 2005.
Head of Government  Prime Minister Aires Bonifácio Ali since 2010.


President Armando Guebuza won the 2005 election to succeed long-term leader Joaquim Chissano, who came to power in 1986. In July 2006, the World Bank wrote off most of the country's debt under a G8-led plan.
Portuguese is the official language. Many local African languages, such as Tsonga, Sena Nyanja, Makonde and Macua, are also spoken.
Christian (mainly Roman Catholic), Muslim and Hindu. Many also follow traditional beliefs.
220/240 volts AC, 50Hz.
Social Conventions
Shaking hands is the customary form of greeting. The courtesies and modes of address customary in Portugal and other Latin countries are still observed. Casual wear is acceptable. Formal dress is seldom required.

Photography: Visitors should not take photographs of soldiers, airports, bridges or government/public buildings, since this is illegal. Only photos of beaches and other tourist sites may be taken.

Mozambique Visa, Passport & Entry Requirements

Passport required Return ticket required Visa required
Australian Yes Yes Yes
British Yes Yes Yes
Canadian Yes Yes Yes
Other EU Yes Yes Yes
USA Yes Yes Yes
A passport valid for a minimum of six months beyond the intended date of departure from Mozambique is required by all nationals referred to in the chart above.

Passport note: A minimum of three blank pages is required.
Visa note
When applying for a visa, you must supply a copy of your return tickets or a copy of your flight confirmation, your hotel/hostel booking confirmation and one recent bank statement.

Types and cost: Tourist and visit: £50 (single-entry); £80 (multiple-entry).

One-day express service: £120 (single-entry); £150 (multiple-entry).


Single-entry visa: one day to one month, renewable to a maximum of 90 days, provided you apply for an extension before the visa expires.
Multiple Entry Visa: one day to 90 days for tourism multiple-entry visas and up to 180 days for business multiple-entry visas. Those wishing to travel to return to Mozambique after visiting Kruger National Park in South Africa should apply for a multiple-entry visa.

Applications to:
High commission or embassy; see Contact Addresses.

Working Days 
Allow three working days for visa processing. Visas can also be issued within 24 hours (express service) for an additional fee.

Mozambique Money and Exchange Rate

Mozambique Metical (MZN; symbol MT) = 100 centavos. Notes are in denominations of MT1,000, 500, 200, 100, 50 and 20.
Coins are in denominations of MT10, 5, 2 and 1 and 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 centavos.
: The new Metical replaced the old Metical (MZM) on 1 July 2006. 1 MZN = 1,000 MZM. The old notes ceased being legal tender on 31 December 2006.

Currency Exchange
   There are bureaux de change at the airports. Money can also be changed at banks. It is advisable to take US Dollars or South African Rand.

Credit/Debit Cards and ATMs
   These are increasingly accepted in Maputo, but not generally beyond the capital.

Traveller's Cheques  
Not commonly accepted, and where accepted are slow to process and often attract high rates of commission.

Currency Restrictions
   Restrictions apply.

Banking Hours  
Mon-Fri 0730-1530.

Exchange Rate Indicators

Date April 2018
£1.00= MT81.86
$1.00= MT54.47
€1.00= MT71.84

Mozambique Health


  Special Precautions
Diphtheria Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Malaria Yes
Rabies Sometimes
Tetanus Yes
Typhoid Yes
Yellow Fever No*

Inoculation regulations can change at short notice. Please take medical advice in the case of doubt. Where 'Sometimes' appears in the table above, precautions may be required, depending on the season and region visited.
* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over one year of age arriving from an infected area.

Food and Drink

All water should be regarded as being potentially contaminated. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Some milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.

Other Risks

Vaccinations against tuberculosis and hepatitis B are sometimes recommended.

Health Care

Full health insurance, preferably including Medevac, is essential. Medical facilities are scarce. It is advisable to carry basic medical supplies including medications and sterile syringes.

Travel to Mozambique

Getting There by Air

The national airline is LAM-Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique (TM) (website: South African Airways ( operates flights from the UK and the USA to Mozambique via Johannesburg.

Approximate Flight Times

From London to Maputo is 13 hours 30 minutes, including stopover in Johannesburg or Lisbon. From New York is 17 hours (including stopover).

Main Airports

Maputo International (MPM) (Maputo) (website: is 3km (1.8 miles) northwest of the city. To/from the airport: Bus and taxi services run to the centre (journey time – 15 minutes). Facilities: Bank, restaurant, bar, snack bar, car hire and post office.

Beira (BEW) is 13km (8 miles) from the city (journey time – 15 minutes). Facilities: Restaurant, shops and post office.

Nampula (APL) is 4km (2.5 miles) east of the city. Facilities: Car hire, shops and cafe.

Departure Tax
Included in airfare

Getting There by Water

British, European, American, Japanese and South African cargo vessels call at Maputo and Beira, but there are no regular passenger services.

Getting There by Rail

A train runs from Johannesburg to the Mozambique border at Ressano Garcia where there is a connection to Maputo (journey time – 15 hours). An overnight train runs regularly from Durban to Maputo. There is a service from Harare to Beira. There should be connections from Malawi to Beira in future (although the border still has to be crossed on foot). Rail services are sometimes sporadic and unreliable.

Mozambique Communications


Country code: 258.

Mobile Telephone

Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone operators. Coverage is expanding to all main cities in most provinces.


There are Internet cafes in Maputo and other cities.


Postal services are available in main centres. Airmail to Europe usually takes five to seven days, but sometimes longer.


• There are no English-language newspapers published in Mozambique.
• The daily papers include Diário de Moçambique and Notícias.


• Televisao de Mozambique (TVM) is state-run.
• Soico TV (STV) is a private broadcaster.
• TV Miramar is another private broadcaster.


• State-run Radio Mozambique operates national network Antena Nacional, as well as provincial and local channels.
• RTK broadcasts privately run services.
• Radio Miramar is a private station.

Mozambique Weather and Climate

Climate varies according to area. Inland is cooler than the coast and rainfall higher as the land rises, with most rain between January and March. Hottest and wettest season is October to March. From April to September the coast has warm, mainly dry weather tempered by sea breezes.

Required Clothing

Tropical lightweights, with warmer clothing for evenings. Rainwear advisable all year round.

Embassies and Tourist Offices

British High Commission in Mozambique

Avenida Vladmir Lenine, 310, Maputo City, P.O. Box 55 
Tel: 2135 6000.
Opening times: Mon-Thurs 0800-1230 and 1300-1600. Fri 0800-1300.

Mozambique High Commission in the UK

21 Fitzroy Square, London W1T 6EL, UK
Tel: (020) 7383 3800.
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0930-1300; 1400-1700.

Embassy of the Republic of Mozambique in the USA

1225 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC, 20036
Tel: (202) 293 7146.

For updated information, check:

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